If you are planning to clean a gun, then it would require more than just cleaning patches. We shall discuss all those tools but also how to use cleaning patches. Gun cleaning patches are inexpensive and come in bulk quantities.
How to use gun cleaning patches? Cleaning patches are white, so when they are passed through different parts of the gun (inside or out), they change color indicating mud or grease. You might need to use several patches to ensure that gun is cleaned thoroughly. We would discuss the thorough use of them below
how to clean a gun
Guns require cleaning from time to time. Even new firearms need to be cleaned thoroughly. New weapons often are packaged with grease and some sticky oil on them, so they don’t get rusted while staying in the shop for months or even years.
The solute that they put on a new gun to avoid rust is advised that you should remove it before use and afterward use your oiling lubricant before storing it.
Following are the essential things to clean a gun;
- Cleaning rod
- A loop (A rod having a hole opening like a needle)
- A cleaning brush
- A gun cleaning lubricant
Following are some necessary steps before thoroughly cleaning a gun
1. Wear gloves
When I talk about wearing gloves, I don’t only say that to protect your skin but also your gun. Wearing gloves will prevent your skin oils and unnecessary fingerprints from getting stuck on your weapon. Some prints get stuck in the matrix of your arm and then can be challenging to use; hence wearing gloves is also advised while shooting. At least wash your hand if you don’t have gloves before touching your gun.
Related: If you’re interested in finding more information about gun cleaning, you can read our how to clean a gun with household item by clicking here
2. Unloading your gun
These steps may seem unnecessary, like who wouldn’t do these things, but people get shot by their guns just because they didn’t unload it. Moreover, clean your magazine and the bullets too to avoid jamming your gun later, so make sure to empty it.
This may be a crucial step towards cleaning your gun as you may have difficulty assembling it later. Read your gun manual before dissembling it or watch a YouTube video on dissembling your weapon.
How To Use Cleaning Patches?
As said earlier, gun cleaning patches are cheap and come in bulk, so don’t be afraid to buy several as you may need up to 20 cleaning patches.
How to use one?
Other than their usage of wiping, they are supposed to be installed on a loop or a jag. Why not some sought of the ordinary stick? Because the patch might slip while cleaning the gun and would be challenging to take out later. The loop is further connected to a long gun cleaning rod (of-coarse shorter if you are planning on cleaning a pistol.)
Let’s take an ordinary Otis gun cleaning patch to explain the tying of gun cleaning patch on a loop through it’s better explained on their website with diagrams, but let me try. First, pass a needle through one hole of the patch, next hold it from the sides and give the cloth through the needle. Finally, pull it upwards to tighten the piece firmly.
Which one should I use (Again concerning Otis cleaning patch)
- For 17cal, 22cal and 223 cal you should use the 2inch cleaning patch
- For 243 to 25 cal and 270 cal, you should use the 3inch cleaning patch from outside
- For 7.62mm, 9mm and 30-50 cal you should use 3-inch cleaning patch from inside
Steps towards using cleaning patches:
- Be sure you are choosing the right patch for your gun.
- Attach the cleaning patches on the needle as described above.
- Attach the needle to the gun cleaning rod
- Clean the gun with the patches inside and out.
- Use a solvent if necessary, with the patches.
- At the end run with a dry cleaning patch to ensure that if the gun is cleaned, then the white patch would return to you all dirty. This will also remove the solvent that you used from the weapon.
- If you are using a cleaning patch from a good company, you may use one up to 6 to 7 times.
Related: For more advice on gun cleaning, read our other article how to use gun cleaning kit some proven step that work every time.
If the gun cleaning patches fail to clean some spots on your gun, take a rough run with a cleaning brush. The brush will be again attached to a gun cleaning rod and then would be used to clean the gun with a strong solvent firmly. After using the cleaning brush again, don’t forget to dry with gun cleaning patches.
After cleaning the gun
After the cleaning process is done and you have made sure that your gun is dry, now apply some sought-in gun oil to ensure that it will not catch rust later.
related question with Wrapping Up
What happened if I don’t clean my gun?
They are guns made from durable materials, so why is it so necessary to clean them, especially if they are new? It is essential because if not cleaned, it could cause your gun to stop working at any moment. It could cause failures like brass over bolt (a rare malfunction in automated rifles)
Why can’t I use some other similar cloth than cleaning patches?
It is not advised to use other cleaning cloths even if they are white because their small parts could get stuck around the rough edges, causing the gun to fail later. Cleaning patches are made for a reason, and that is to clean your stuff securely.
Don’t go poking around cleaning patches with a stick; if you care for your gun, you should buy a gun cleaning kit, which will surely have all the tools described above. This whole process, while not take much time with the right tools and guidance.
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